Wednesday, January 30, 2008

Ambulatory Walking Device Patent

United States Patent
(WWW.USPTO.GOV)
7,316,449
Lynch , et al.
January 8, 2008
Expandable ambulatory walking device and method of use
Abstract
An expandable ambulatory walking device and method of use are disclosed. In one form, an ambulatory walking device includes an elongated member having a first end and a second end and a rubber contact material coupled to the first end. The device further includes an expandable handle coupled a second end of the elongated member and operable to be provided in a collapsed state providing a handle. The expandable handle is also operable to be provided in an expanded state to provide a seat for the user.
Inventors:
Lynch; Mark W. (Defuniak Springs, FL), Lynch; Peggy J. (Defuniak Springs, FL)
Appl. No.:
11/359,036
Filed:
February 21, 2006
Current U.S. Class:
297/4 ; 248/155.1; 248/155.2; 248/155.4; 248/155.5; 297/118; 297/16.1; 297/17; 297/183.1; 297/183.2; 297/217.1; 297/6
Current International Class:
A61H 3/00 (20060101); A47C 13/00 (20060101); A47C 4/00 (20060101); A47C 7/62 (20060101)
Field of Search:
297/4,5,6,16.1,16.2,17,118,183.1,183.2,195.11,217.1 248/155.1,155.2,155.4,155.5
References Cited [Referenced By]
U.S. Patent Documents
176122
April 1876
Matteson
177025
May 1876
Smith
280843
July 1883
McGaughey
295216
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Wright
406328
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Yagn
431338
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De Kalb
444621
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Schneider
574011
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Springsted
585207
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Hortman
617641
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Christianson
617661
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Smith
671638
April 1901
Slagle
686006
November 1901
McConnell
690122
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Slagle
731437
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Czermak et al.
767245
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Rogers
768882
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Morse
803187
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McNamara
952335
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Killian
954473
April 1910
Schocke
979959
December 1910
Johnson
1145994
July 1915
Jasinski
1161604
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Bragg
1166386
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Perrin
1220316
March 1917
Bragg
1241753
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Mills
1417250
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Kelly
1456304
May 1923
Fritschka
1502629
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Hardy
1697552
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Brooks
1828144
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Jasinski
1957033
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Silverman
1997142
April 1935
Hanson
2002118
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Johnson
2099345
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Olszanowski
D113534
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Bodkin
2270254
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Brand
2360494
October 1944
Helgason
2380437
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Homrighausen
2629429
February 1953
Baumfeld et al.
2631652
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Bannister
2800164
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Chambers
3058711
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Kingsford
3310340
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Brewer et al.
3467033
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Remer et al.
3716067
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Skoog
3912209
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Turpin
4098478
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Spitzke
4101163
July 1978
Morin
4232896
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Caldwell
4415198
November 1983
Brearley
4451080
May 1984
Nix
4641882
February 1987
Young
4676547
June 1987
Spillman
D291791
September 1987
Bean
4848712
July 1989
Russell
4930839
June 1990
Saito et al.
4974620
December 1990
Quillan et al.
5188422
February 1993
Montgomery
5255697
October 1993
Grauer
5411313
May 1995
Counihan et al.
5673966
October 1997
Morton, Jr.
5720522
February 1998
Habeck
5927797
July 1999
Ferguson
6062638
May 2000
Ferguson
6176545
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Hambleton
6206019
March 2001
Horvitz
6893097
May 2005
Ebensperger et al.
6959716
November 2005
Schrader
2005/0242630
November 2005
Miller
Foreign Patent Documents
2597311
Oct., 1987
FR
2209276
May., 1989
GB
Primary Examiner: White; Rodney B. Attorney, Agent or Firm: Galasso; Raymond M. Galasso & Associates, LP
(WWW.GAPATENTS.COM)
Claims
What is claimed is:1. An ambulatory walking device comprising: an elongated member having a first end and a second end, the first end including a rubber contact material; an expandable handle coupled to a second end of the elongated member and operable to be provided in a collapsed state providing a handle, the expandable handle operable to be provided in an expanded state to provide a seat; and an expansion mechanism operable to facilitate the collapsed state and the expanded state; and wherein the expandable handle comprises a semicircular seat portion defined by bisecting the curved shaped handle into substantially equal parts; and wherein the expandable handle further comprises a cam operable to allow rotation of the substantially equal parts to the open state. 2. The device of claim 1 wherein the expandable handle comprises a curved portion providing a handle perimeter for the handle during the collapsed state. 3. The device of claim 1, further comprising a collar located proximal to the expansion mechanism and operable to inhibit rotation of the expansion mechanism. 4. The device of claim 3, wherein the collar limits rotation of the expansion mechanism to approximately ninety degrees. 5. The device of claim 1, wherein the expansion mechanism comprises two hinges operable to be independently rotated during the expansion and collapsed states. 6. An ambulatory walking device comprising: a first rotational seat portion operable to be rotated approximately ninety degrees to provide a walking state and a seating state; a second rotational seat opposing the first rotation seat portion and operable to be rotated approximately ninety degrees in association with the first rotational seat to provide the walking state and the seating state; and an expansion mechanism including a first hinge coupled to the first rotational seat portion; and a second hinge coupled to the second rotational seat portion; an expansion mechanism operable to facilitate the collapsed state and the expanded state; and wherein the expandable handle comprises a semicircular seat portion defined by bisecting the curved shaped handle into substantially equal parts; a cam coupled between the first hinge and the second hinge; and a stop located proximal to cam, the first hinge, and the second hinge and operable to limit the rotation of the first rotational seat portion and the second rotational seat portion. 7. The device of claim 6 further comprising the stop operable to allow rotation of the first hinge and the second hinge to no greater than ninety degrees. 8. The device of claim 6 wherein the first hinge and the second hinge comprise a hinge pin extended through the cam to rotationally couple the first hinge and the second hinge to the cam. 9. The device of claim 8 further comprising release means for rotating the first rotational seat and the second rotational seat; and stop means for limiting rotation of the first rotational seat and the second rotational seat. 10. The device of claim 6 wherein the elongated member comprises aluminum. 11. The device of claim 6 wherein the first rotational seat portion and the second rotational seat portion include a first substantially flat surface operable to provide a seat when in the seating state and a second grip portion operable to provide a grip when in the walking state.
Description
FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE The present invention generally relates to walking aids, and more particularly, to an expandable ambulatory walking device and method of use. BACKGROUND Conventional ambulatory aids provide a user with assistance in getting from one location to another. For example, a conventional wheel chair allows a handicapped user mobility while a user is in a seated position. This may be advantageous for users that may not be able to walk. Some individuals may be mobile without the use of a wheel chair but may require the assistance of a walking device such as a cane or crutch. For example a user may lean on a cane or crutch to maintain balance. However, when a user gets tired, a user must either lean on the cane or crutch until rested or locate a seat to rest. If a seat is not available, a user is left with having to sit on the ground which and may struggle with returning to a standing position. As such, what is needed is a device that may provide a user support when walking and allowing a user to rest when needed without having to locate a seat. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS A more complete understanding of the present embodiments and advantages thereof may be acquired by referring to the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which like reference numbers indicate like features, and wherein: FIG. 1 illustrates an expandable ambulatory walking device and expansion mechanism according to one aspect of the present invention; and FIG. 2 illustrates an expandable ambulatory walking device provided in a collapsed state according to one aspect of the invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION An expandable ambulatory device and method of use are disclosed. According to one aspect, an ambulatory walking device includes an elongated member having a first end and a second end and a rubber contact material coupled to the first end. The device further includes an expandable handle coupled a second end of the elongated member and operable to be provided in a collapsed state providing a handle. The expandable handle is also operable to be provided in an expanded state to provide a seat for the user. According to another aspect of the invention, an ambulatory walking device includes a first rotational seat portion operable to be rotated approximately ninety (90) degrees to provide a walking state and a seating state. The device further includes a second rotational seat opposing the first rotation seat portion and operable to be rotated approximately ninety (90) degrees in association with the first rotational seat to provide the walking state and the seating state. The device also includes an expansion mechanism including a first hinge coupled to the first rotational seat portion and a second hinge coupled to the second rotational seat portion. According to a further aspect of the invention, an ambulatory walking device includes an elongated member having a first end portion having a rubber cap and a first hinge operable to be rotated no greater than ninety (90) degrees. The device further includes a second hinge opposing the first and operable to be rotated no greater than ninety (90) degrees. The device further includes a handle bisected along a medial line to provide a seat comprising and a first seat portion formed in a semicircular shape and coupled to the first hinge. The device also includes a second seat portion formed in the semicircular shape and coupled to the second hinge and a stop mechanism operable to limit rotation of the first hinge and the second hinge when rotated approximately ninety (90) degrees. FIG. 1 illustrates an expandable ambulatory walking device and expansion mechanism according to one aspect of the present invention. An expandable ambulatory device, illustrated generally at 100, includes an elongated member 101 having an end 105 with rubber end tip 103. Expandable ambulatory device 100 further includes a collar 104 and an expandable handle 102 formed to provide a handle for a user to grasp. Expandable handle 102 is bisected into a first portion 106 and a second portion 107. Expandable ambulatory device 100 is illustrated in a collapsed state wherein first portion 106 and second portion 107 are joined to form expandable handle 102. During use, a user may grasp expandable handle 102 of expandable ambulatory device 100 and use as a traditional can or walking aid applying weight as needed to expandable handle 102 to assist with balance. FIG. 2 illustrates an expandable ambulatory walking device provided in an expanded state according to one aspect of the invention. An expandable ambulatory device, illustrated generally at 200, includes an elongated member 201 coupled between an expandable handle 208 and an end portion 214 having a rubber cap or boot 210. A collar 209 is provided proximal to expandable handle 208 and provides a stop mechanism when expandable handle is expanded to an open or expanded state. Expandable handle 208 further includes a first handle portion 202 having a first curved portion 206. Expandable handle 208 further includes a second handle portion 203 having a second curved portion 207. First curved portion 206 and second curved portion 207 are generally circular and form a semicircle or semi oval shape to allow a user to sit on each curved portion providing support for a user. Other shapes may also be employed. Expandable handle 208 also includes an expansion mechanism 215 for opening and closing expandable handle 208 based on desired use. Expansion mechanism 215 includes a first hinge 205 coupled to first handle portion 202 and a second hinge 204 coupled to a second handle 203. A cam 211 is coupled to first hinge 205 and second hinge 204 and guides rotation of each hinge when being opened or closed. Cam 211 is coupled to collar 209 and elongated member 201. In one embodiment, first hinge 205 is coupled to cam 211 using a first hinge pin 213 and second hinge 204 is coupled to cam 211 using second hinge pin 212. Other coupling mechanisms may also be used. Each hinge pin extends through cam 211 (not expressly shown) and cam 211 is placed within a cavity or yoke of fist hinge 205 and second hinge 204. Cam 211 may be formed from various types of materials and in one embodiment may include a rubber or plastic material that will allow for easy rotation of each handle while insuring each handle may be rotationally moved between an expanded and collapsed state. During use a user, a user may grasp a portion of expandable handle 208 when expandable ambulatory device 200 is provided in a collapsed position similar to expandable ambulatory device 100 illustrated in FIG. 1 above. A user may expand or open expandable handle 208 by separating each handle into first handle portion 203 and second handle portion 204 and rotating each until provided in an open state or position to allow a user to sit in a seat when fully expanded. In one embodiment, collar 209 includes a stop such as a lip or ridge (not expressly shown) that inhibits rotation of first handle portion 203 and second handle portion 204 beyond approximately ninety (90) degrees thereby ensuring that stable support of an individual is maintained. In this manner, a user may utilize expandable ambulatory device 200 as a cane (when in a collapsed state) or as a seat (when in an expanded state) as needed. In other aspects, various types of materials and alterations may be made to provide an ambulatory device that may be used as a walking aid and a seat. For example, expandable handle 208 may take on other various types of shapes and may include various types of materials. For example, first handle and second handle may include a padded material such as foam, final, etc. that may provide a cushion when seated but may also compress when expandable handle 208 is placed in a collapsed position. In another form, expandable handle 208 may include a grip that may allow for a user to maintain a grasp on an expandable handle 208 when being used as a cane. Other variations may also be employed. Note that although an embodiment of the invention has been shown and described in detail herein, along with certain variants thereof, many other varied embodiments that incorporate the teachings of the invention may be easily constructed by those skilled in the art. Benefits, other advantages, and solutions to problems have been described above with regard to specific embodiments. However, the benefits, advantages, solutions to problems, and any element(s) that may cause any benefit, advantage, or solution to occur or become more pronounced are not to be construed as a critical, required, or essential feature or element of any or all the claims. Accordingly, the invention is not intended to be limited to the specific form set forth herein, but on the contrary, it is intended to cover such alternatives, modifications, and equivalents, as can be reasonably included within the spirit and scope of the invention.
For more information contact: WWW.GAPATENTS.COM
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Monday, January 28, 2008

Portable Adjustable Hoof Support Stand Patent

United States Patent
7,270,192
Leonard
September 18, 2007
Portable adjustable hoof support stand
Abstract
A portable and adjustable hoof support stand is provided having a large tapered base, a hoof rest having adjustable side restraints, and a height adjustment means by which the height of the hoof rest may be adjusted vertically relative to the ground.
Inventors:
Leonard; Nancy Kay (Golden Valley, AZ)
Appl. No.:
11/290,392
Filed:
November 30, 2005
Current U.S. Class:
208/113 ; 208/75; 208/78; 208/80; 208/92; 585/300; 585/302; 585/330; 585/653
Current International Class:
C07C 4/02 (20060101); C07C 4/06 (20060101)
Field of Search:
168/44 119/753,755,816,814 248/688,407,423
References Cited [Referenced By]
U.S. Patent Documents
284873
September 1883
Marsh
418938
January 1890
Bogusch
443346
December 1890
Allen
457345
August 1891
Fox
1035734
August 1912
Plamondon
1175522
March 1916
Horn
1547225
July 1925
Marks
3696869
October 1972
Anding
4167216
September 1979
Beaston
5213061
May 1993
Zito
5979562
November 1999
Hammonds
6848512
February 2005
Keeler
7086192
August 2006
Deros
Primary Examiner: Nguyen; Son T. Attorney, Agent or Firm: Galasso & Associates, LLP Galasso; Raymond M. (WWW.GAPATENTS.COM )
Claims
What is claimed is:1. A farrier's adjustable hoof support stand comprising: a tapered stool-like supportive base member having a top member and a plurality of sides, the sides having an upper end secured to the top member, the sides having a lower end for resting on ground, wherein the sides are angled outwards at the lower end so as to increase the stability of the base against tipping over; a vertical height adjustment member comprising: a removable latching pin; an elongated upper height adjustment member having one or more pairs of holes, a major axis and at least two facing sides, each hole in a pair in an axially aligned spaced relationship in facing sides providing a clean bore through the upper height adjust member, the hole pairs spaced at intervals along the major axis; and an elongated tubular lower member secured to the stool-like base top member, the lower member having a plurality of pairs of holes spaced along facing sides, each hole in a pair sharing a common radial axis, the lower member sized to telescopically, slidably and supportively receive the upper height adjustment member through a receiving end of the lower member, the holes in the lower and upper members sized and positioned so that as the upper member is telescopically adjusted in the lower member at least one pair of holes in the upper and lower members axially align at one or more sliding positions so as to receive the latching pin through the aligned holes, the pin supportively fixing the relative telescopic position of the upper member relative to the lower member, the latching pin being removable so as to allow for further telescopic adjustment; and a hoof support member secured to an upper end of the upper height adjustment member, the hoof support member having: a hoof receiving support portion having two opposing ends; two elongated tubular arms having a plurality of adjustment holes, each tubular arm secured to opposing ends of the hoof receiving support in facing relationship; two sliding hoof restraint members, one for each arm, slidably received into the tubular arm, each hoof restraint member having a spring pin secured thereto, the spring pin sized and configured to protrude through the adjustment hole in the arm and thereby fix the position of the hoof restraint relative to the arm, wherein a gap between the hoof restraint members is adjustable so as to accommodate a variety of animal hoof widths and restraint the hoof against sideways movement during the farrier's work, and wherein the height of the hoof support member above the ground is adjustable through the vertical height adjustment member to accommodate a comfortable work height for both the farrier and the animal. 2. The farrier's adjustable hoof stand of claim 1 further comprising one or more cushion members secured to the hoof receiving support portion, the cushion member providing a resilient comfortable surface to the animal's hoof. 3. The farrier's adjustable hoof stand of claim 2 wherein the cushion member comprises one or more foam filled fabric cushions draped on and over the hoof receiving support portion. 4. The farrier's adjustable hoof stand of claim 2 wherein the cushion member comprises resilient rubber pads, one pad secured to an upper face of the hoof receiving portion and wherein each hoof restraint member has a resilient rubber pad secured to a face nearest the hoof receiving portion, the rubber pads for cushioning an animals leg while resting in the hoof stand. 5. The farrier's adjustable hoof stand of claim 2 wherein the sides of the stool-like base comprise tubular legs with the base having substantially open sides. 6. The farrier's adjustable hoof stand of claim 2 wherein the sides of the stool-like base comprise substantially closed sides so as to prevent an animal's leg from entangling in the base between the legs of the base. 7. The farrier's adjustable hoof stand of claim 2 wherein the stool-like stand member comprises aluminum, the height adjustment member comprises tubular aluminum; and the tubular arms comprises tubular aluminum.
Description
FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE The disclosures made herein relate generally to the field of tools that are useful in the shoeing of hoofed animals, and in particular to portable adjustable hoof stands specifically designed to position and support an animal's hoof during animal care work such as shoeing by a farrier or hoof inspection by a veterinarian and care of an animal's hoof disease issues. BACKGROUND The present invention relates to a device for the support of and holding in position the leg of a horse or other hoofed animal for care of the animal, for example, while a farrier removes and/or replaces a horse shoe or trims a hoof. The horse's hoof is comprised of a layer of horn material or material similar to a human fingernail that grows from the base of the foot and protects the front of the foot. The hoof consists of a hardened outer region and a more sensitive middle area. As in a human fingernail, the outer hoof is devoid of nerve endings and therefore the animal does not experience pain when a horseshoe using appropriately sized and positioned nails is nailed to the hoof. Domesticated horses are shod with a horseshoe sometimes formed from steel or iron material, sometimes with a thin resilient or rubber material embedded to provide cushioning. Horseshoes have been applied for centuries with the purpose of protecting the horse's hoof and allowing the horse to gallop and bear weight more comfortably. Horseshoes need to be replaced from time to time. The American Farrier's Association lists a typical time interval between reshoeing of between 6 to 10 weeks. Many times in this process the hoofs may need to be trimmed back to provide the horse a more natural way of going and because the outer portion of the hoof is always growing. When a horseshoe has been removed, if the horse's hoofs are undamaged and healthy, a replacement horseshoe might be fitted the first time. In other cases however, the horseshoe may need to be modified to place the horsenail holes in a better location for attachment to the hoof's outer region or to modify the shape of the shoe to more closely match the shape and condition of the horse's hoofs. For such cases a farrier often brings a portable forge to the location where the horse is to be shod and reworks the shoe on site. A horse shoe, once in condition for attachment to the hoof, is secured to the hoof of a horse by a farrier driving horsenails through openings in the horse shoe into the outer region of the horse's hoof. This is done, as one might expect, by the use of a specialized hammer which a farrier swings and drives against the head of the horsenail to drive the nail into the horse's hoof. As can be understood from this general discussion, reshoeing a horse or other hoofed animal can be an uncomfortable and stressful time, both for the animal and for the farrier. Roger Clark, a farrier, claims that shoeing a heavy horse is hard work, but ill-trained horses are much harder. Farrier's commonly shoe the rear hoof of a horse by standing behind the horse with the farrier's back to the horse, then raising the foot of the horse between the farrier's legs and cradling the leg and hoof on the farrier's legs. This is uncomfortable for the horse which must now stand on three legs and is uncomfortable for the farrier who must work in a hunched over position on the foot of a horse that may be ill behaved and that may be less than pleased about what is about to take place. As can be understood, this can be a dangerous task if the horse is uncomfortable and becomes restless. One limitation of the conventional means of shoeing a horse by the farrier hunching over and supporting the horse's foot between his legs is that the shoeing task is uncomfortable to the horse and to the farrier. Another limitation of the conventional means of shoeing a horse is the issue of safety. With the farrier having his back to the horse and the opportunity for the horse to misbehave during the task, an injury can occur to the farrier, an injury the farrier may not see coming. Therefore, a device which supports the horse's foot and hoof in position during shoeing, that permits the farrier to stand unencumbered without the need to support and hold the horse's foot in position, a device that provides comfort to the animal during the shoeing process and reduces the chance of injury to a farrier would be useful and novel. SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE Accordingly, embodiments of the inventive disclosures made herein comprise an adjustable portable hoof stand as applied in the shoeing and routine animal health care of hoofed animals. In a portable adjustable hoof stand in accordance with the present inventive disclosure, the stand has a large tapered base with angled side panels or legs. The side panels or legs taper outward to provide a more stable footing for the stand and make the stand more difficult to tip over when in use. The base is preferably open inside to reduce weight and make it easier to transport. Due to the sides being tapered outwards providing a wider base footprint on the ground, the base is positionally stable and does not require additional supportive means when in use. Located above the tapered base, the hoof stand provides a cushioned hoof rest area to receive and support an animal's leg or hoof portion of the leg. At opposing sides of the hoof rest are located adjustable side restraints. The side restraints allow the width of the hoof receiving portion of the hoof rest to be adjusted to accommodate animal hooves of various dimensions, while providing an adjustment means to limit the side to side movement of the hoof on the stand during hoof inspection or during the task of shoeing the animal. In a portable adjustable hoof stand in accordance with the present inventive disclosure the height of the hoof rest relative to the ground is adjustable during setup and in use. Hoof rest height adjustment is provided by a height adjustment means located between the hoof rest and the tapered base of the hoof stand. In one embodiment of the adjustable hoof support stand, the height adjustment member comprises a post and a tubular receiving member, the receiving member sized to slidably and telescopically receive the post. The post is provided with a series of holes there-through along its length. As the post's position is adjusted inside and relative to the tubular receiving member, at various positions holes in the post align with holes in the tubular receiving member and a locking pin may be inserted through the aligned holes to fix the position of the post in the receiving member. The holes are positioned frequently enough in close enough spacing to provide a multitude of selectable height adjustment options. Accordingly, it is an objective of the inventive disclosures made herein to provide a hoof stand that is portable, easy for a farrier to carry from location to location in his work. It is another objective of the inventive disclosure made herein to provide a hoof stand that is adjustable to suit the comfort of the animal and the farrier or veterinarian working with the animal. Shoeing a horse can be a trying and tiring process. It is usually necessary for the farrier to bend the horse's leg, raise it upwards slightly, brace the horse's leg between the knees so that the hoof is in a ready position for work, and then bend or hunch forward to work on the hoof. Unfortunately the farrier's back and shoulder muscles can become tired and painful from unnaturally bending over to work in such conditions. It is yet another objective of the inventive disclosure made herein to provide a hoof stand that is comfortable for the animal. The stand is designed with a large angled base to resist tipping from forces induced by the farrier or movement of the animal during its use. The stand is equipped with a padded hoof rest area for the comfort of the animal to provide comfort to the animal and reduce restlessness. It is a further objective of the inventive disclosure made herein to provide a hoof stand that offers increased safety for the farrier, allowing the farrier to face and observe the animal on which he is working. This is accomplished by providing support to the animal's hoof and thereby removing the need to support the animals hoof between the farrier's or veterinarian's legs during the shoeing or hoof work procedure. It is still another objective of the inventive disclosure made herein to provide a hoof stand that is manufacturable at low cost, has rugged construction for long life, and therefore provides the manufacturer with a low development cost providing a lower price to the end user along with providing valuable aid in working with hoofed animals. These and other objects of the invention made herein will become readily apparent upon further review of the following specification and associated drawings. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The drawings show a form of the invention that is presently preferred, however the invention is not limited to the precise arrangement shown in the drawings. FIG. 1 presents a perspective view of portions of one embodiment of a height adjustment member and the hoof support member in accordance with the inventive disclosures herein. FIG. 2 is a perspective view of one embodiment of an adjustable hoof support stand in accordance with the inventive disclosures herein. The observer is positioned to the side above the stand for better understanding. FIG. 3, FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 present front views, directly normal to major component faces, of one embodiment of a height adjustment member and hoof support member in accordance with the inventive disclosures herein. The views illustrate the adjustable hoof rest gap feature of the hoof rest side restraints. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In preparation for explaining the details of the present inventive disclosure, it is to be understood by the reader that the invention is not limited to the presented details of the construction, materials and construction details as illustrated in the accompanying drawings, as the invention concepts are clearly capable of other embodiments and of being practiced and realized in various ways by applying the disclosure presented herein. FIG. 1 depicts an upper removable vertical height adjustable portion of an adjustable hoof stand in accordance with an embodiment of the inventive disclosures made herein. The upper removable portion comprises an elongated vertical height adjustment member 6, having a lower end 21 and an opposing upper end 22. The elongated vertical height adjustment member is provided with one or more of holes spaces along a major axis of a face of the vertical height adjustment member. Holes or voids continue completely through the vertical height adjustment member 6 from one face to a parallel offset face of the height adjustment member, so that a pin may be inserted clear through the vertical height adjustment member. In another embodiment, the vertical height adjustment member may comprise a tubular member having a rectangular cross section and a hollow center, this as depicted in FIG. 1. The vertical height adjustment member is not limited to the use of a tubular member, and may comprise tubular solid members, for example, formed from a variety of materials such as aluminum, iron, as well as PVC or various molded plastics. A hoof support member 11 is secured to the upper end 22 of the elongated vertical height adjustment member 6. The hoof support member comprises a hoof receiving support portion 12 located between opposing end of the hoof support member. Two elongated tubular arms 15 are secured in an opposing facing relationship at opposite ends of the hoof receiving portion 12 of the hoof support member 11. Each tubular arm 15 has a plurality of adjustment holes 16 spaced along a face along a major axis of the tubular arm. Two sliding hoof restraint members 17, one for each tubular arm, are provided. The sliding hoof restraint members are slidably received into and supportively retained by the tubular arms. Each sliding hoof restraint member having at least one spring pin 18 secured thereto, the spring pin sized, positioned and configured to protrude through an adjustment hole of the tubular arm and thereby fix the position of the hoof restraint member in relationship to the tubular arm. The hoof gap 23 between the facing hoof restraint members 17 is adjusted by depressing the spring pin 18 and sliding the hoof restraint member along the tubular arm to align with another adjustment hole. By repositioning the hoof restraint member along the tubular arms, the hoof gap 23 between the hoof restraint members is adjustable so as to accommodate a variety of animal hoof widths and restrain the hoof from sideways movement during the farrier's work on the animal's hoof. The adjustable height stand together with the hoof rest and adjustable hoof side restraint members used as an aid by the owner of a hoofed animal, or the veterinarian or a farrier during the care of the hoofed animal, wherein the leg of the animal is lifted onto the hoof rest, and wherein the side restraints and hoof rest elevation above the ground have been adjusted to minimize discomfort and resulting uncooperative behavior of the animal due to discomfort during the hoof inspection and possible hoof or shoe work by a farrier. Implied, intended but not explicitly shown in FIG. 1 is a padding member placed upon or over the hoof stand hoof rest and side restraint members to provide a cushioned surface for the animal's leg to rest upon. Referring now to FIG. 2, the tapered stool-like support base 1 has a top member 2 and a base member 24 having a plurality of sides. The upper portion of the sides are secured to the top member, and the lower portion of the sides are configured for resting and supporting the stand on the ground. The lower end of the sides 4 are angled outwards so as to increase the stability of the base against tipping over. The sides may comprise solid outer side walls with a hollow interior, or any variety of configurations including also stool like legs with open sides as depicted in FIG. 2. Sides which are substantially solid are advantageous as they reduce the change of an animal entangling its leg in between the legs of the base. The top member has a vertical height adjustment lower tubular member 8 having a receiving end 10 and having a plurality of pairs of holes 9 spaced along facing sides, each hole in a pair sharing a common radial axis, the lower member sized to telescopically, slidably and supportively receive the lower end 21 of upper height adjustment member 6, as shown earlier in FIG. 1 in the receiving end 10 of the lower member. The holes in the lower and upper members are sized and positioned so that as the upper member is telescopically adjusted in the lower member the holes in the upper and lower members align at various positions so as to receive the removable latching pin 5 there-through, the pin fixing the relative telescopic position of the upper member relative to the lower member, the latching pin being removable so as to allow for further telescopic height adjustment of the hoof receiving portion of the hoof support above the ground, so as to fit the geometry, height and size of the animal and for the comfort of the farrier in his work. Referring now to FIGS. 3 through 5. FIGS. 3 through 5 depict a side view of the upper removable, vertical height adjustable portion of an adjustable hoof stand in accordance with an embodiment of the inventive disclosures made herein, particularly illustrating the use of the spring pins 18 together with the sliding hoof restraint members 17 in adjusting the hoof gap 19 between the hoof restraint members. The discussed construction, illustrations and sequence of operation is for one embodiment of the invention, but is in no way limiting to other embodiments. The operating modes may be changed and enhanced without deviating from the intention of this inventive disclosure. In the preceding detailed description, reference has been made to the accompanying drawings that form a part hereof, and in which are shown by way of illustration specific embodiments in which the invention may be practiced. These embodiments and certain variants thereof have been described in sufficient detail to enable those skilled in the art to practice the invention. It is to be understood that other suitable embodiments may be utilized and that logical, material, mechanical, software and electrical changes may be made without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. To avoid unnecessary detail, the description omits certain information known to those skilled in the art. The preceding detailed description is, therefore, not intended to be limited to the specific forms set forth herein, but on the contrary, it is intended to cover such alternatives, modifications, and equivalents, as can be reasonably included within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
For more patent information contact: WWW.GAPATENTS.COM or WWW.USPTO.GOV
* * * * *

Friday, January 25, 2008

Marketing Plan Information

WHILE GALASSO & ASSOCIATES L.P. OR ITS ATTORNEYS, PARALEGALS OR AGENTS DO NOT PROVIDE ANY MARKETING OR INVENTION PROMOTION SERVICES THE FOLLOWING ARE SOME HELPFUL THIRD PARTY HINTS/SOURCES FOR MARKETING PLAN INFORMATION FOUND SEARCHING WWW.GOOGLE.COM OR WWW.YAHOO.COM:

MARKTING PLAN INFORMATION"


MARKTING PLAN INFORMATION;
[Note: Aside from the Executive Summary -- which always appears first and summarizes your plan -- the order you present information in the marketing plan is flexible. You may present the goals, products, and strategies sections first, then analyses, financials, etc. sections as supporting documentation. Or (as shown here) present analyses first, as a lead-in to goals and strategies.]
Cover Sheet [Fill in name, address, phone, marketing team members (title, address, phone), date marketing plan prepared, who prepared, version/copy number (if more than one).]
Part 1: Executive Summary
Answer "who," "what," "when," "where," and "how" with respect to marketing objectives and strategies; forecasts; marketing and product finances; etc. The Executive Summary should be done last, after all marketing plan analysis and details have been completed.
Part 2: Industry Analyses
This is an overview of the industry and key insights into competitors, suppliers, the regulatory environment, customers and the company's place within the industry.
SWOT Analysis: Detail the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in industry. For more on completing a basic or expanded SWOT analysis, see: http://www.websitemarketingplan.com/marketing_management/SWOT.htm
(When typing the URL into a browser, note there is an underscore ("_") between "marketing" and "management," and SWOT is in all caps.)
Porter's 5 Forces analysis: Analyze the dynamics between and activities of current and future competitors; your own company; substitutes for the products your company markets; the industry suppliers; and customers. Do not forget to factor in regulatory issues. For more about Porter's 5 Forces, read: http://www.websitemarketingplan.com/marketing_management/marketing_strategy.htm
(When typing the URL into a browser, note there are underscores ("_") between "marketing" and "management" as well as between "marketing" and "strategy." Also, all letters are lower case.)
Part 3: Products and Corresponding Target Markets
Here, describe your products and your target customers for each. For each product or brand, include:
- Target market demographics such as income levels; interests; activities; living environments; other geographic descriptions; psychological mindsets; political affiliations; family situations; age ranges; tastes; etc.
- Industry or societal trends that affect your customers.
- Your target customers' needs and wants, and corresponding benefits received from products.
Copyright © 2007 Web Marketing Place LLC. All rights reserved. Copying permitted only if entire document is left intact, including the links and this copyright statement. 1 /mplan/index.htm
Part 4: Marketing Strategy
Include overall marketing objectives and mission statement in this section, and for each product address:
- The product's positioning relative to competitors and in the eyes of target customers.
- The general strategies you will use to reach objectives and fulfill the mission statement.
- The product's marketing mix, including specific marketing programs. Address all of the "four P's":
- The products themselves and any related changes, improvements, and issues.
- Pricing strategies for each product. For a summary of various pricing strategies, go to: http://www.websitemarketingplan.com/techniques/pricing2.htm
(When typing the URL into a browser, note that all letters are lower case.)
- Distribution channels (the various ways each product reaches customers and consumers).
- Promotional activities, including public relations, Internet marketing and advertising, offline advertising, viral programs and other marketing programs you will be executing.
Part 5: Measurements
Build success metrics into each marketing program, including intermediate measures, and how you will use them to monitor progress and adjust execution when applicable.
Part 6: Forecasts and Financial Analyses
Explain the size of your target markets, market shares and growth projections by month. Also include financial analyses:
- Pro-forma profit and loss statements (P&L's), which detail:
- sales units and dollar forecasts
- cost of goods
- marketing budgets
- fixed overhead and variable expense projections
- other expenses
- profit margins
- Breakeven analysis, showing units and dollars needed to make a profit for each marketing program (or new or changed product).
- "What-if" scenarios (sensitivity analyses) showing what happens if forecasts and profit margins are lower or higher than expected.
To read more marketing plan information, and details about writing the plan from an outline, go to:
• http://www.WebsiteMarketingPlan.com/mplan/software (software, $179.95)
• http://www.WebsiteMarketingPlan.com/mplan/marketing-strategies.htm (free online articles about marketing planning)
(When typing the URL into a browser, note that all letters in "mplan" and "software" are lower case.)
Copyright © 2007 Web Marketing Place LLC. All rights reserved. Copying permitted only if entire document is left intact, including the links and this copyright statement. 2 /mplan/index.htm

For Patent, trademark. and copyright information contact: WWW.GAPATENTS.COM
For more marketing plan information contact: WWW.GOOGLE.COM or WWW.YAHOO.COM

Wednesday, January 23, 2008

Spill Resistant Water & Food Dish For Pets Patent

United States Patent
7,296,539
Iljas
November 20, 2007
Spill resistant water and food dish for pets
Abstract
A spill resistant pet food and water dish is provided which incorporates features to prevent contents from spilling over the side of the dish when the dish is jarred or bumped during transport or while in use in feeding, the pet food and water dish being adaptable to a variety of sizes of animals, the dish incorporating a means of securely fastening the dish to the side of the pet carrier or crate, the dish providing one or more cavities within the base of the dish to receive ice packs or ice to chill the contents of the dish. The spill resistant pet dish may be used independently of a cage and placed on the floor or ground for pet feeding, particularly in a moving vehicle or boat, wherein the spill resistant features of the disclosed pet dish are advantageous to minimize or eliminate spillage of food or water from the dish.
Inventors:
Iljas; Sandra Eloise (Worthington, OH)
Appl. No.:
11/406,624
Filed:
April 19, 2006
Current U.S. Class:
119/61.54 ; 119/454; 119/61.5; 119/61.55; 119/61.57
Current International Class:
A01K 1/10 (20060101)
Field of Search:
119/61.5,61.54,61.55,61.56,61.57,454,464,475
References Cited [Referenced By]
U.S. Patent Documents
4436056
March 1984
MacLeod
5105768
April 1992
Johnson
5743210
April 1998
Lampe
5787839
August 1998
Magnant et al.
5823136
October 1998
Zarski
5960740
October 1999
Pelsor
5960741
October 1999
Ballen et al.
6557489
May 2003
King
6681719
January 2004
Warner
7204202
April 2007
Behun et al.
Primary Examiner: Poon; Peter M. Assistant Examiner: Berry, Jr.; Willie Attorney, Agent or Firm: Galasso; Raymond M. Galasso & Associates, LP.
WWW.GAPATENTS.COM
Claims
What is claimed is:1. A spill resistant feeding dish for a household pet animal comprising: an elongated `D` shaped dish base structure having one or more cavities to receive an ice pack, the elongated `D` shape forming a `U` shaped exterior sidewall, the dish base structure further comprising: a substantially flat rectangular back wall having one or more voids there-through into the ice pack cavity, the back wall attached to opposing edges of the `U` shaped sidewall; a `D` shaped top surface having a closed bottom depression for holding food therein, the depression having cylindrical side walls, the `D` shaped top surface attached to top edges of the `U` shaped sidewall and back wall; a `D` shaped bottom surface, the `D` shaped bottom surface attached to bottom edges of the `U` shaped sidewall and back wall; and a raised cylindrical ring formed on the top surface of the `D` shaped surface, the ring having a cylindrical inside surface joining the cylindrical walls of the depression, a substantially flat top sealing surface, an outside surface of the ring having a circumferentially threaded portion; and a feeding dish cover comprising: a generally cylindrical sidewall having an inside surface, the cover sidewall having circumferential threads on a lower portion of the cover inside surface, the cover sidewall and threads sized and fitted to threadably and removably engage the threaded section of the cylindrical ring; a gasket secured to a ledge of the cover cylindrical sidewall above the threads of the cover sidewall, the gasket sized and adapted to sealably compress between the top sealing surface of the raised ring and the ledge of the cover to provide a water tight seal between the cover and the raised cylindrical ring of the feeding dish; an `O` shaped top wall having an inner circumferential edge and an outer circumferential edge, the outer edge attached to a top edge of the cover sidewall; a cylindrical spill limiting sidewall attached at an upper edge to the inner circumferential edge of the `O` shaped top wall; and a truncated cone shaped surface having an outer circumferential edge and an inner circumferential edge defining a hole where the cone is truncated, the outer edge of the cone shaped surface is secured to the spill limiting sidewall, the inner circumferential edge of the cone sized and adapted to permit the animal to access contents of the dish through the hole in the cone, the cone sloping downwardly towards the hole to encourage displaced food to drain back into the dish through the hole, the cone cooperating with the spill limiting sidewall to minimize spillage of food or water from the dish. 2. The spill resistant feeding dish for a household pet animal of claim 1, wherein the elongated `D` shaped dish base structure further comprises a means of removably and supportively mounting the back wall to a side wall of a cage. 3. The spill resistant food feeding dish for a household pet animal of claim 2, wherein the means of mounting the dish holder back wall to the side wall of the cage comprises: a threaded hole through the back wall; and a threaded screw with a flat head having ridges to allow finger tightening of the screw, the screw sized and configured to threadably, retentively and removably engage the threaded hole in the back wall, the screw removably securing the dish holder to side wall of the cage. 4. A cage mountable spill resistant food feeding dish for a household pet animal comprising: a removable feeding dish for holding food or water, the dish comprising: a generally cylindrical side wall having an inside surface, and outside surface and an `O` shaped top surface attached to and spanning between upper edges of the inside and outside surfaces; a threaded section on an upper portion of the outside surface of the side wall; and a bottom wall peripherally secured to a bottom edge of said sidewall, said bottom wall together with the sidewall forming a closed bottom dish; a feeding dish cover comprising: a generally cylindrical sidewall having an inside surface, the cover sidewall having circumferential threads on a lower portion of the inside surface, the cover sidewall and threads sized and fitted to threadably, removably engage the threaded section of the feeding dish sidewall; an `O` shaped top wall having an inner circumferential edge and an outer circumferential edge, the outer edge attached to a top edge of the cover sidewall outer surface; a cylindrical spill limiting sidewall attached at an upper edge to the inner circumferential edge of the `O` shaped top wall; a gasket secured to a ledge of the cover cylindrical sidewall above the threads of the cover sidewall, the gasket sized and adapted to sealably compress between the top surface of the dish and the ledge of the cover to provide a water tight seal; and a truncated cone shaped surface having an outer circumferential edge and an inner circumferential edge defining a hole where the cone is truncated, the outer edge of the cone shaped surface secured to the inner surface of the cover sidewall, the inner circumferential edge of the cone sized and adapted to permit the animal to access food in the dish through the hole in the cone, the cone sloping downwardly towards the hole to encourage displaced food to drain back into the dish through the hole, the cone cooperating with the spill limiting sidewall to minimize spillage of food or water from the dish; and an elongated `D` shaped dish holder having one or more cavities to receive an ice pack, the dish holder adapted for removably mounting to an interior side wall of an animal travel cage, the dish holder comprising: a top surface having a general `D` shape having a hole therein, the hole sized and adapted to supportively and retentively receive the removable feeding dish, the elongated `D` shape forming a `U` shaped sidewall and a substantially flat rectangular back wall, the back wall having one or more voids through the back wall into the ice pack cavity, the voids to receive ice packs to maintain dish contents chilled. 5. The spill resistant feeding dish for a household pet animal of claim 4, wherein the elongated `D` shaped dish holder further comprises a means of removably and supportively mounting dish holder back wall to the side wall of the cage. 6. The spill resistant food feeding dish for a household pet animal of claim 5, wherein the means of mounting the dish holder back wall to the side wall of the cage comprises: a threaded hole through the back wall; and a threaded screw with a flat head having ridges to allow finger tightening of the screw, the screw sized and configured to threadably, retentively and removably engage the threaded hole in the back wall, the screw removably securing the dish holder to side wall of the cage.
Description
FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE The disclosures made herein relate generally to pet food and water dishes, and particularly to pet food and water dishes designed to provide food or water to pets when confined within and transported in a pet carrier or crate. The disclosures herein more particularly relate to pet food and water dishes which incorporate features to prevent contents from spilling over the side of the dish during transmit and which also provide a means of securely fastening the dish to the side of the pet carrier or crate. BACKGROUND Pet food and water dishes of various designs are known and are commonly used. Often pet owners or trainers choose to travel with their pet, sometimes perhaps to visit family, to travel to a distant destination for a vacation, or just perhaps to transport the animal from one location to another, perhaps even to a park or outdoor wooded location for exercise. Additionally, sometimes it may be necessary to transport a pet on public transportation. Pet owners transporting their pets using public transportation means such as planes, trains and busses usually have limited options in transporting their pet. In such cases laws and regulations may require pets to be placed into a pet carrier or some other type of cage, for health, safety and cleanliness reasons, as well as to allow transport of the pet in the luggage area of a plane or bus. Often such excursions with the family pet can take a considerable amount of time during which it is prudent and humane to provide to the animal within the cage a ready supply of drinking water and food in a pet dish. When transporting the pet in a cage, the cage can be subject to substantial jostling and bumping which can result in the spillage of food or water from the pet feeding dish resulting in soiling of the cage as well as the environment surrounding the cage. As pet owners know, typical pet dishes with their low sidewalls, broad flat bottoms and wide top openings easily spill their contents when bumped or tipped, and as such are unsuitable for use in pet carriers and cages. Additionally, typical pet dishes do not provide a means of securely mounting the dish to the cage wall and so are free to slide and move within the cage. Therefore, a spill resistant water and food dish for pets that is designed for use within a pet carrier or cage, that provides a means of removably securing the dish to a side wall of a pet carrier or cage, that incorporates features to prevent the spillage of food and drinking water into the cage and surrounding environment, such a pet food or water dish design would be useful and novel. SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE Accordingly, embodiments of the inventive disclosures made herein comprise various embodiments of a spill resistant food and water dish for pets, a dish design that is particularly suited for use with a pet carrier or cage. Pets may typically be cats or dogs, but this disclosure is not limited to use with cats and dogs and is applicable for use with a wide variety of and various sizes of animals. A first and at least one embodiment of the inventive disclosures made herein comprises a cage mountable spill resistant feeding dish for a household pet animal comprising a feeding dish for holding food or water, the dish comprising: an elongated `D` shaped dish base structure having one or more cavities therein designed to receive an ice pack or ice to keep the pet food or water chilled. The elongated `D` shaped dish base structure forms a `U` shaped exterior sidewall and a substantially flat rectangular back wall having one or more voids there-through into the ice pack cavity. The back wall is attached on opposite edges to opposing edges of the `U` shaped sidewall. The `D` shaped top surface of the dish base has a closed bottom depression for holding food or water therein, the depression having cylindrical side walls. A raised cylindrical ring is formed on the top surface of the dish structure, the ring having a cylindrical inside surface joining the cylindrical walls of the depression. The outside surface of the raised ring has a circumferentially threaded portion to receive and threadably engage a feeding dish cover. The back wall of the dish base is provided with a means for removably and supportively mounting the dish to a side wall of a cage or animal carrier. The feeding dish cover of the present invention is provided with features to reduce the opportunity for and chance of spillage of food and water from the dish. The feeding dish cover comprises a generally cylindrical sidewall having circumferential threads on a lower portion of an inside surface. The cover sidewall and threads are sized and fitted to threadably and removably engage the threaded section of the cylindrical ring of the dish base so as to provide a partial closure over the food or water in the dish. The cover having an `O` shaped top wall further having an inner circumferential edge and an outer circumferential edge, the outer edge attached to the top edge of the cover sidewall. A truncated cone shaped surface having an outer circumferential edge and an inner circumferential edge defining a hole where the cone is truncated, the outer edge of the cone shaped surface secured to the inner surface of the cover sidewall, the inner circumferential edge of the cone sized and adapted to permit the animal to access food in the dish through the feeding hole in the center of the cone, the cone sloping downwardly from periphery edges towards the hole to encourage displaced food to drain back into the dish through the feeding hole. The variations of the spill resistant dish, cover and access hole can be made in any size to suit the physical head, mouth dimensional requirements of any particular animal. In particular, the feeding hole in the cover cone must be sufficient to allow the animal to reach food or water within the bowl, but not so large as to permit the contents of the bowl to splash out. Additionally a rubber `O` ring or gasket seal is provided between the cover and the threaded ring of the dish base to provide a leak-proof seal between the cover and the dish. In another embodiment of the inventive disclosures made herein, the cage mountable spill resistant food feeding dish for a household pet animal comprises a feeding dish for holding food or water, the dish comprising: a generally cylindrical side wall; a threaded section on an upper portion of an outside surface of the side wall; a bottom wall peripherally secured to a bottom edge of said sidewall, said bottom wall together with the sidewall forming a closed bottom dish. A feeding dish cover comprises a generally cylindrical sidewall, the cover sidewall having circumferential threads on a lower portion of an inside surface, the cover sidewall and threads sized and fitted to threadably and removably engage the threaded section of the feeding dish sidewall. The feeding dish cover having an `O` shaped top wall having an inner circumferential edge and an outer circumferential edge, the outer edge attached to a top edge of the cover sidewall. The feeding dish cover further comprising a truncated cone shaped surface having an outer circumferential edge and an inner circumferential edge defining a hole where the cone is truncated, the outer edge of the cone shaped surface secured to the inner surface of the cover sidewall, the inner circumferential edge of the cone sized and adapted to permit the animal to access food in the dish through the feeding hole in the cone, the cone sloping downwardly towards the hole to encourage displaced food to drain back into the dish through the hole. Additionally, a dish holder is provided that is adapted for removably mounting to an interior side wall of an animal travel cage, the dish holder comprising: a top surface having a general `D` shape with a cylindrical depression therein, the depression sized and adapted to supportively and retentively receive the separate removable feeding dish, the elongated `D` shape forming a `U` shaped sidewall and together with a substantially flat rectangular back wall, the back wall having a threaded hole and one or more voids through the back wall into the ice pack cavity, the voids to receive ice packs to maintain dish contents chilled for an extended time. Also provided is a means of removably and supportively mounting dish holder back wall to the side wall of the cage. A rubber `O` ring or gasket seal is provided between the cover and the threaded ring of the dish base to provide a leak-proof seal between the cover and the dish. As in the first embodiment, the dimensions of the spill resistant dish, cover and access hole can be made in any size to suit the size of the animal. In at least one of the embodiments of the spill resistant pet dish in accordance with the inventive disclosure herein, the means of mounting the dish holder back wall to the side wall of the cage utilizes a threaded hole through the back wall of the dish holder; and a threaded screw with a flat head having ridges to allow finger tightening of the screw, the screw sized and configured to threadably, retentively and removably engage the threaded hole in the back wall. To secure the dish holder base to the cage or pet carrier wall, the screw is inserted through the sidewall of the cage and then received into the threaded hole on the back wall of the dish holder. The screw is then finger tightened to removably secure the dish holder in place on the sidewall of the cage or pet carrier. The invention is not limited to this example means of securing the pet dish to a cage wall. Other means of removably mounting the spill resistant pet dish to a pet carrier or cage wall, as would be know to one skilled in the art, may be utilized without deviating from the intention of this disclosure. Various embodiments of the spill resistant dish may be realized by use of molded hard plastic or the use of particularly suitable metallic materials such as stainless steel. Use of the spill resistant pet dish is not confined to use with a pet cage or carrier. Embodiments of the spill resistant pet dish may be used on the floor alone, without a cage or pet carrier, for example while traveling. The flat bottom of the spill resistant dish together with the spill resistance features discussed above provide a pet food and water dish that can be advantageously utilized by placing on the floor or ground to provide food or water to a pet, for example, on the floor of a moving vehicle such as a camper, boat or van. In at least one embodiment of the inventive disclosures made herein, components of the spill resistant dish comprises a plastic having added photoluminescent pre-coloured compounds of the type utilized for direct injection molding into the plastic. The resulting photoluminescent or glow in the dark plastic enables the spill resistant dish to be readily located in the dark. Photolumiscent phosphors are available in various grades, high grades proving illumination in the dark for up to 12 hours. It is an objective of the inventive disclosure made herein to provide a pet dish which is designed for removably mounting to the interior of a pet carrier or cage. It is another objective of the inventive disclosure made herein to provide a pet dish which is designed to minimize or eliminate spillage of food or water from the dish, and thereby reduce soiling of the case and surrounding environment from pet feeding dish spills. It is another objective of the inventive disclosure made herein to provide a pet dish which provides a cavity in the base of the dish into which ice packs or ice can be placed to maintain pet food or water in a chilled condition. It is another objective of the inventive disclosure made herein to provide a pet dish which can be removed from the cage or carrier and used independently and placed on the floor or ground for pet feeding, particularly in a moving vehicle or boat wherein the spill resistant features of the disclosed pet dish are advantageous to minimize or eliminate spillage of food or water from the dish. The above discussed objects and other objects of the invention made herein are intended to be illustrative of the invention and are not meant in a limiting sense. Many possible embodiments of the invention may be made from the inventive disclosures herein and will be readily evident upon study of the specification and accompanying drawings. Various features and sub combinations of invention may be employed without reference to other features and sub combinations. Other objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent from the provided descriptions taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein is set forth by way of illustration and example, an embodiment of this inventive disclosure. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The drawings show a form of the invention that is presently preferred; however, the invention is not limited to the precise arrangement shown in the drawings. FIG. 1 depicts a perspective view of one embodiment of the spill resistant pet dish in accordance with the inventive disclosures herein. FIG. 2 depicts a cut-away sectional view of the feeding dish cover in accordance with the inventive disclosures herein. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In preparation for explaining the details of the present inventive disclosure, it is to be understood by the reader that the invention is not limited to the presented details of the construction, materials and embodiments as illustrated in the accompanying drawings, as the invention concepts are clearly capable of other embodiments and of being practiced and realized in various ways by applying the disclosure presented herein. Additionally, the drawings disclose one embodiment as a typical illustrative enabling example. Other embodiments and variations are discussed below and it is to be understood that the inventive disclosure is not limited to the embodiment displayed in the drawings, and is further not limited to the embodiments specifically discussed below, but is intended to be read as covering equivalents within the spirit and intent of descriptions and claims. FIG. 1 depicts one particular embodiment of spill resistant water and food dish for pets in accordance with the inventive disclosures presented herein. In FIG. 1 the spill resistant water or food dish for pets 1 comprises a `D` shaped base structure have a `U` shaped sidewall 2. A substantially rectangular and substantially flat back wall 3 is attached at opposing ends to opposite ends of the `U` shaped sidewall 2. The back wall is provided with one or more voids there-through into the ice pack cavity 5. The ice pack cavity, generally outlined in FIG. 1 with a dotted line, is closed at the bottom with a bottom surface so as to provide a closed bottom container to hold ice packs or ice to keep the food or water chilled. The `D` shaped base structure is closed out at the top with a `D` shaped top surface 22 having a closed bottom depression 7 for holding food therein, the depression having cylindrical side walls 8. A raised cylindrical ring 6 is formed on the `D` shaped top surface top of the dish base structure, the ring having a cylindrical inside surface joining the cylindrical walls 8 of the closed bottom depression 7. The outside surface of the raised ring 6 is provided with a circumferentially threaded portion to engage a cover. The rectangular back wall 3 is provided with a means of removably and supportively mounting the spill resistant pet dish to an interior side wall of a pet carrier or cage. In FIG. 1 the means for removably and supportively mounting comprises a threaded screw 9 with a head having ridges 10 to allow finger tightening of the screw, the screw sized and configured to threadably, retentively and removably engage the threaded hole 11 in the back wall 3. Continuing with FIG. 1, a feeding dish cover 12 comprises a generally cylindrical sidewall 13, the cover sidewall 13 having circumferential threads on a lower portion of an inside surface, the cover sidewall and threads sized and fitted to threadably and removably engage the threaded section of the cylindrical ring 6. `O` shaped top wall 14 has an inner circumferential edge and an outer circumferential edge, the outer edge is attached to a top edge of the cover sidewall. Still referring to FIG. 1, the cover is provided with a truncated cone shaped surface 16, the cone shaped surface providing a sloped surface to encourage food or water displaced from within the feeding dish to drain by gravity back into the dish. The truncated cone shaped surface 16 having an outer circumferential edge and an inner circumferential edge defining a feeding hole where the cone is truncated, the outer edge of the cone shaped surface secured to the inner surface of the cover sidewall, the inner circumferential edge of the cone defining a feeding access hole sized and adapted to permit the animal to access food in the dish through the hole in the cone. The cone slopes downwardly from the peripheral side edges of the cover towards the hole to encourage displaced food to drain back into the dish through the hole with the aid of gravity. The cone partially obstructs the top of the dish holding food or water, thereby further preventing the water or food from spilling out or otherwise unintentionally leaving the pet dish. More specific details about the spill prevention features of this inventive disclosure are provided further down below. Now referring to FIG. 2 and to the spill resistant features of the present inventive disclosure. FIG. 2 is sectional view of the feeding dish cover 12 in which one half of the cover has been cut away along an axis of symmetry through the center of the cover as an aid in illustration of other spill prevention features of the present embodiment. Feeding dish cover 12 comprises a cylindrical outside sidewall 13, an `O` shaped cover top wall 14, a spill limiting inside sidewall 15, an inner cone shaped surface 18, and outer cone shaped surface 19, a rubber or pliable gasket 21 provides a water tight seal between the ledge 23 of the cover and the dish, and a feeding access hole 20. In use, food or water is present below the cover and features of the cover cooperate to prevent water and food from splashing out of the dish through the feeding hole when the dish is bumped or displaced. As discussed earlier, gasket 21 provides a water tight seal between the cover and the food or water in the pet dish. The region over the perimeter portions of the food dish are covered by the inner cone shaped surface 18. In the case of water in the dish, bumping or jarring the dish causes a wave-like feature in the water that would tend to splash or ride over the dish walls at the perimeter sidewall of the dish. With the feeding dish cover installed on the dish, the water tends to splash against the inner cone shaped surface 18 near the periphery side walls, and is deflected back into the bowl. Liquids or food that may become displaced from the bowl through the feeding access hole 20 tend to have low velocity if they manage to escape through the center region of the bowl. This low escape velocity in a region over the center of the dish can be illustrated with a thought experiment based on every day experiences. An experiment with a glass half full of water will demonstrate that when the glass is displaced horizontally a wave is created in the glass, the wave moving along the direction of displacement. This wave causes the water level on the side of the glass nearest the direction of the displacement to initially drop in level, and similarly the water level on the opposite side of the glass initially rises in level. More importantly, one can observe that the water at the center of the glass along a line perpendicular to the direction of displacement does not substantially rise or fall in level, meaning no to low displacement or velocity for water or food particles in that region. This low energy or low displacement region lies under the feeding hole in FIG. 2. By this arrangement food or water ejected from a horizontal bump or horizontal movement of the pet feeding dish will tend to have low velocity even if ejected at the center feeding hole. The outer cone shaped surface 19 and spill limiting inside cover sidewall 15 will tend to capture spills and return the material to the feeding dish with the aid of gravity, thereby reducing or elimination spillage. In FIG. 1 the depicted embodiment the pet dish is formed integrally with the base. A variation of the FIG. 1 embodiment yields another embodiment of the present inventive disclosure. The FIG. 1 embodiment is modified to have a pet dish as a separate bowl that is removable from the base through the hole in the `D` shaped top surface 22. The cover 12 is threadably engaged onto mating threads on the removable dish outside sidewall, permitting the dish with the cover to be removed from the base and used separately from the elongated `D` shaped base structure 2. In this case the base structure serves only to support the dish and cover in a cage or carrier, and serves also as a holder for ice packs or ice to keep the contents of the dish chilled. In the preceding detailed description, reference has been made to the accompanying drawings that form a part hereof, and in which are shown by way of illustration specific embodiments in which the invention may be practiced. These embodiments and certain variants thereof have been described in sufficient detail to enable those skilled in the art to practice the invention. It is to be understood that other suitable embodiments may be utilized and that logical, material, and mechanical changes may be made without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. To avoid unnecessary detail, the description omits certain information known to those skilled in the art. The preceding detailed description is, therefore, not intended to be limited to the specific forms set forth herein, but on the contrary, it is intended to cover such alternatives, modifications, and equivalents, as can be reasonably included within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
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